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Fashion in European Armor, 1400–1500

At the beginning of this period, by about 1420, the development of full plate armor a defense enclosing almost the entire body with a system of steel plates articulated by rivets and leather straps was complete. Regional and national fashions in c...


Fashion in European Armor, 1300–1400

In terms of the technical development of European armor, the fourteenth century is often referred to as the “age of experimentation.” Mail armor was being reinforced with a range of additional defenses of varying shapes and constructio...


Fashion in European Armor, 1000–1300

Only scattered documentary and archaeological evidence is available for the Migration period and early Middle Ages, which makes any detailed analysis practically impossible. Sometimes precisely this scarcity of sources can give a misleading impres...


Field armor from a Garniture

Field armor from a Garniture

Pompeo della Cesa  (Milan, about 1537-1610)  about 1590 steel, iron, brass, silver, leather, and fabric 47 lb 15 oz (weight) The John Woodman Higgins Collection   As displayed, this armor is for the field of battle...


Armor for field and tilt, of Count Franz von Teuffenbach (1516-1578)

Armor for field and tilt, of Count Franz von Teuffenbach (1516-1578)

Armor for field and tilt, of Count Franz von Teuffenbach (1516-1578) Stefan Rormoser of Innsbruck (Austrian, active 1554-1565 ) 1554 steel, brass and lampblack with modern leather 181.6 x 78 cm (71 1/2 x 30 11/16 in.); weight: 57 lb. 5 oz....


Helmet (Spangenhelm)

Helmet (Spangenhelm)

Date: 6th–7th century Culture: Byzantine or Germanic Medium: Iron, copper alloy, gold Dimensions: H. 8 9/16 in. (21.8 cm); Diam. 7 13/16 in. (19.9 cm); Wt. 2 lb. (907 g) Classification: Helmets Cr...


Burgonet

Burgonet

Armorer: Filippo Negroli (Italian, Milan ca. 1510–1579) Date: dated 1543 Geography: Milan Culture: Italian, Milan Medium: Steel, gold, textile Dimensions: H. 9 1/2 in. (24.1 cm); W. 7 5/16 in. (18.6 cm); D. 11 1/2 in. (29...


Late German Gothic Armour of the Archduke Sigmund (1427-96)

Late German Gothic Armour of the Archduke Sigmund (1427-96)

Finding 15th century homogeneous suits of German armour certainly isn't an easy task. Nearly every displayed harness is a composite, comprising of various pieces of similar styling. One nearly complete example found in the Historisches Mu...


Milanese Armour, belonging to a member of the Von Matsch family of Castle Churburg

Milanese Armour, belonging to a member of the Von Matsch family of Castle Churburg

Schloss Churburg, circa 1455 Glasgow Art Gallery and Museum, Kelvingrove This armour was almost certainly owned by a member of the Matsch family of Castle Churburg in the Italian Tyrol. Churburg now belongs to the Trapp family, successors o...


Armor and Fashion

Contemporary treatises on manners, such Baldessare Castiglione’s 1528 The Book of the Courtier, covered many topics, including appearance and good taste. According to Castiglione, a gentleman’s “first duty” was to exce...


Emperor Heraclius Denied Entry into Jerusalem, 1460/80

Tempera and oil on panel 67.6 x 54.2 cm (26 5/8 x 21 5/16 in.); painted surface: 67 x 53 cm (26 3/8 x 20 7/8 in.) George F. Harding Collection   This panel recounts the adventures of the Byzantine emperor Heraclius, who rescued th...


Sallet

German Sallet 15th C. Exceptional example of a German Sallet, made of one piece. The Sallet had to be hammered into shape. This process was painstakingly long and required the most utmost precision and a complex ability to envision a constant conc...


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